Climate Change Vulnerability Studies
Mexico has geographical characteristics that make it a country that is very vulnerable to the effects of climate change, compromising the viability of tourism. The vulnerability to climate change of twenty tourist destinations in Mexico (Cancún, Riviera Maya, Acapulco, Los Cabos, Puerto Vallarta, Nuevo Vallarta, Mazatlán, Boca del Río, Veracruz, Ixtapa Zihuatanejo, Huatulco, Campeche, Coatzacoalcos, Costa Esmeralda, Tlacotalpan, Guanajuato, Monterrey, Morelia, Puebla, San Miguel de Allende and Manzanillo) have been assessed, and subsequently adaptation programmes by destination have been developed, as well as vulnerability and risk maps with geographic information and early warning system analyses. The adaptation programmes guide decision-making regarding the most effective measures to strengthen the tourism destinations and to improve the safety and security of the population. 20 Climate Change and Variability Vulnerability Assessments were generated, as well as 20 Adaptation Programmes by destination, 20 Vulnerability and Risk Maps for each destination with geographic information of the vulnerability, and 20 Early Warning System analyses. The studies of vulnerability to climate change made it possible to identify those parts of the national territory where it is not feasible to develop tourism activity, while also guiding decision-making regarding the type of activities that can be carried out in the selected tourism destinations.